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Zabik, M.E., C.M. Anderson, E.M. Davey, N.J. Wolfe. 1969. Comparison of frozen, foam-spray-dried, freeze-dried, and spray-dried eggs. Food Technology 23:359.
The foaming ability of freeze-dried, spray-dried and foam-spray-dried eggs was compared to frozen eggs in sponge and chiffon cakes. Cakes were evaluated by shear and color determinations and sensory testing.


Zabik, M.E., A. Booren, M.J. Zabik, R. Welch, H. Humphrey. 1996. Pesticide residues, PCBs and PAHs in baked, charbroiled, salt boiled and smoked Great Lakes lake trout. Food Chemistry 55:231-239.
Skin-off lean lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush namaycush ) from Kaes Huron, Michigan and Ontario as well as siscowets (fat lake trout)Salvelinus namaycush siscowet ) from Lake Superior were cooked by baking and charbroiling to determine the potential of processing/cooking on reducing the levels of pesticides and total PCBs in fish at the dinner table.


Zabik, M.E., S.L. Brown. 1969. Comparison of frozen, foam-spray-dried, freeze-dried, and spray-dried eggs. 4. Foaming ability of whole eggs and yolks with corn sirup solids and albumen. Food Technology 23:262.
Foaming ability of foam-spray-, freeze-, or spray-dried and frozen whole egg, yolk and albumen was investigated by comparing foam specific gravity and drainage.


Zabik, M.E., J.E. Figa. 1968. Comparison of frozen, foam-spray-dried, freeze-dried, and spray-dried eggs. i. Gels prepared with milk and whole eggs containing corn syrup solids. Food Technology 22:1169-1175.


Zabik, M.E., M.A.M. Shafer, B.W. Kukorowski. 1977. Dietary fiber sources for baked products. Comparison of cellulose types and coated-cellulose products in layer cakes. Journal Food Science 42:1428.


Zachariah, N.Y., L.D. Satterlee. 1973. Effect of light, pH and buffer strength on the autoxidation of porcine, ovine and bovine myoglobins at freezing temperatures. Journal of Food Science 38:418.


Zadoks, J.C., T.T. Chang, C.F. Konzak. 1974. A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Research 14:415-421.


Zadworny, D., J.S. Walton, R.J. Etches. 1985. The relationship between plasma concentrations of prolactin and consumption of feed and water during the reproductive cycle of the domestic turkey. Poultry Science 64:401.


Zadworny, D., R.J. Etches. 1988. Effect of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin on plasma prolactin, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, and ovarian growth in incubating and out-of-lay turkeys. Poultry Science 67:319.


Zaehringer, M.V., H.L. Mayfield, L.M. Odland. 1951. The effect of certain variations in fat, yeast, and liquid on the frozen storage of yeasted doughs. Food Research 16:353.


Zaehringer, M.V., A.M. Briant, C.J. Personius. 1956. Effects on baking powder biscuits of four flour components used in two proportions. Cereal Chemistry 33:170.
Biscuit quality was evaluated using pastry flour and hard wheat bread flour. Both subjective judgments and objective measures were used in the evaluation.


Zaehringer, M.V., H.H. Cunningham. 1970. Potato extractives:Effect on firmness of pectin jellies and viscosity of potto starch pastes. Journal of Food Science 35:491.


Zaehringer, M.V., D. LeTourneau. 1962. Textural quality of potatoes. I. Comparison of three organoleptic methods. Food Technology 16:131.


Zafrani, Haim. 1983. Mille ans de vie juive au Maroc. Paris:Maisonneuve et Larose.


Zafriri D., I. Ofek, R. Adar, M. Pocino, N. Sharon. 1989January. Inhibitory activity of cranberry juice on adherence of type 1 and type P fimbriated Escherichia coli to eucaryotic cells. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 33(1):92-8.
Examined the effect of the cocktail and juice on the adherence of Escherichia coli expressing surface lectins of defined sugar specificity to yeasts, tissue culture cells, erythrocytes, and mouse peritoneal macrophages.


Zagory, D., A.A. Kader. 1988September. Modified atmosphere packaging of fresh produce. Food Technology 42(9):70.


Zaika, L.L. 1969. Meat flavor. Method for rapid preparation of the water-soluble low molecular weight fraction of meat tissue extracts. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 17:893.


Zaika, L.L. A.E. Wasserman, C.A. Monk, Jr., J. Salay. 1968. Meat flavor. 2. Procedures for the separation of water-soluble beef aroma precursors. Journal of Food Science 33:53.


Zak, J.M. 1973. Effect of finish-frying conditions on the quality of French fried potatoes. Journal of Food Science 38:92.


Zak, J.M. 1974. French fried potatoes:factors affecting yields measured as servings per 100 lb of frozen product. Journal of Food Science 39:676.


Zalewski, J., C. Shock, D. Burnett, L. Jensen, C. Stanger. 1986. Effect od delayed first irrigation on potato yield and quality. Malheur Agricultural Experiment Station Research. Special Report 787. Agric. Experiment Station, OSU, Corvallis, OR.


Zalik, S., M. Ostafichuk. 1960. Note on a method of appraising mixogram data. Cereal Chemistry 37:105.
A new method of evaluating the area of mixograms is compared with the standard method.


Zall, R.R. 1984. Membrane processing of milk on the dairy farm. Food Technology 38(12):88.


Zallen, E.M., M.J. Hitchcock, G.E. Goertz. 1975. Chilled food systems:Effects of chilled holding on quality of beef loaves. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 67:552.


Zamagni, V. 1997. The Economic History of Italy, 1860-1990. Clarendon Press, Oxford.


Zamora, R., J.J. Rios, F.J. Hidalgo. 1994. Formation of volatile pyrrole products from epoxyalkenal/protein reactions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 66(4):543-546.


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Zanelli, Leo. 1972. Home Winemaking From A to Z. Barnes & Noble. 160 pages.


Zaneveld, J.S. 1959. The utilization of marine algae in tropical south and east Asia. Economic Botany 13:89.


Zanin, B. 1988January. U.S. imports of broccoli and cauliflower soar. Hortic Prod Rev FHORT U S Dep Agric Foreign Agric Serv.Washington, (1-88) p. 19-24.


Zanoni, B., S. Pierucci, C. Peri. 1994. Study of the bread baking process. II. Mathematical modelling. Journal Food Engineering 23(3):321-336.
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Zapata, F.J., P.K. Evans, J.B. Power, E.C. Cocking. 1977. The effect of temperature on the division of leaf protoplasts of lycopersicon esculentum and lycopersicon peruvianum. Plant Science Letters 8:119-124.


Zarghami, N.S., D.E. Heinz. 1971. The volatile constituents of saffron. Food Science & Technology 4:43.


Zarins, Z.M., R.D. Phillips, W.H. Martinez. 1984. A rapid procedure for isolation of the 7S storage protein of cottonseed and its characterization. Cereal Chemistry 61(6):471-474.


Zaroogian, G.E., S. Cheer. 1976June3. Accumulation of cadmium by the American oyster, Crassostrea virginica [Environmental pollutants, seafoods]. Nature 261 (5559):408-409.


Zawadiuk, E.R. 1990Spring. Historical look at foods eaten by Native people in Northeastern Alberta in the early 1900s. Canadian Home Economics Journal 49(2):64-65.


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Zayas, J.F. 1985. Structural and water binding properties of meat emulsions prepared with emulsified and unemuslified fat. Journal of Food Science 50(3):689-692.


Zayas, I., F.S. Lai, Y. Pomeranz. 1986. Discrimination between wheat classes and varieties by image analysis. Cereal Chemistry 63(1):52-56.


Zechman, L.G., I.J. Pflug. 1995. Heat penetration rates of natural convection heating liquids in metal containers. Journal Food Protection 58(1):108-114.


Zechman, L.G., I.J. Pflug. 1994. Heat penetration rates of natural convection heating liquids in metal containers. Journal of Food Protection 57(9):802-808.
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Zeder, Melinda A. 1991. Feeding cities. Washington, D.C.


Zeder, Melinda A. 1994. After the revolution:Post-Neolithic subsistence strategies in northern Mesopotamia. American Anthropologist 96:97-126.


Zeder, Melinda A. 1995. The role of pigs in Near Eastern sibsistence from the vantage point of the southern Levant. IN Retrieving the Past:Essays on Archaeological Research and Methodology in Honor of Gus Van Beek. Editor:J.D. Seger, pp. 297-312. Winona Lake, Ind.


Zeder, Melinda A. 1995. The archaeobiology of the Khabur Basin. Bulletin of the Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies 29:21-32.


Zee, Francis, Chung-ruey Yen, Melvin Nishima. 2004. Pitaya:dragon fruit, strawberry pear. Honolulu, Hawaii:Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai'i at Manoa,


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Zehnder, G.W., G.K. Evanylo. 1988December. Influence of Colorado potato beetle sample counts and plant defoliation on potato tuber production. American Potato Journal 65:12.


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Zeist, W. van, J.A.H. Bakker-Heeres. 1985. Archaeobotanical Studies in the Levant. 4. Bronze Age sites on the north Syrian Euphrates. Palaeobistoria 27:247-316.


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Zeldin, E L; Mccown, B H. 1997. Intersectional Hybrids of Lingonberry (Vaccinium Vitis-Idaea, Section Vitis-Idaea) and Cranberry (V. Macrocarpon, Section Oxycoccus) to Vaccinium Reticulatum (Section Macropelma). Acta horticulturae 446:235.


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To develop a low cost pork product of raw materials using a surimi washing process for removing sex odors and flavors from pork and restructuring the pork into a pork roast. Sensory:A trained panel of seven members were selected based on their ability to detect sex and fish odor. A ten point hedonic scale was used.


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Zeven, A.C. 1996. Sixteenth to eighteenth century depictions of cole crops, (Brassica oleracea L.), turnips (B. Rapa L. cultivar group vegetable turnip) and radish (Raphanus sativus L.) from Flan Ders and the present-day Netherlands. Acta Horticultrae (407):29-33.
Cole and neep crops are old crops in the Low Countries. The first archival records date from the 14th century. The crops have been described in herbals of the 16th and 17th century.


Zeven, A.C., W.A. Brandenburg. 1986. Use of Paintings from the 16th to 19th centuries to study the history of domesticated plants. Economic Botany 40(4):397-408.


Zeven, A.C., L.C.J.M. Suurs, J. Waninge. 1996April. Diversity for enzymes, flowering behaviour and purple plant colour of perennial kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. Ramosa DC.) in the Netherlands. Acta Horticulturae (407):61-66.
Perennial kale has probably been domesticated and distributed by the Romans. Some relic populations are still being grown in various parts of western Europe (Ireland, Scotland, England, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Portugal), in Ethiopia, in Brazil and Haiti up to the present.


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Zhang, L., G.A. Porter, R.J. Bushway. 1997. Ascorbic acid and glycoalkaloid content of Atlantic and Superior potato tubers as affected by supplemental irrigation and soil amendments. American Potato Journal 74:285.


Zheng, J.J., I.H. Rosenberg. 1984. Lactose malabsorption in healthy Chinese adults. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 15:1-6.


Zhang, Y., B. Dorjpalam, C.T. Ho. 1992. Contribution of peptides to volatile formation in the maillard reaction of casein hydrolysate with glucose. Journal Agriculture and Food Chemistry 40(12):2467-2471.


Zhang, Y., P. Talalay, C.G. Cho, G.H. Posner. 1992. A major inducer of anticarcinogenic protective enzymes from broccoli:isolation and elucidation of structure. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA 89 (6):2399-2403.


Zhang, Y.S., T.W. Kensler, C.G. Cho, G.H. Posner, P. Talalay. 1994. Anticarcinogenic activities of sulforaphane and structurally related synthetic norbornyl isothiocyanates. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA Washington, D.C. 91(8):3147-3150.


Zhao, C., M.M. Giusti, M. Malik, M.P. Moyer, B.A. Magnuson. 2004Oct 6. Effects of commercial anthocyanin-rich extracts on colonic cancer and nontumorigenic colonic cell growth. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52(20):6122-6128.
Commercially prepared grape (Vitis vinifera), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.), and chokeberry (Aronia meloncarpa E.) anthocyanin-rich extracts (AREs) were investigated for their potential chemopreventive activity against colon cancer.


Zheng, L.L., Y. Lin, S. Lin, E.A. Cossins. 1992. The polyglutamate nature of plant folates. Phytochemistry 31(7):2277-2282.


Zheng, W., S.Y. Wang. 2003Jan. 15. Oxygen radical absorbing capacity of phenolics in blueberries, cranberries, chokeberries, and lingonberries. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51(2):502-509.
The antioxidant activity of phenolics in fruits of blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum cv. Sierra), cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon cv. Ben Lear), wild chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa), and lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea cv. Amberland) was determined in this study.


Zhao, J., G. Grafi. 2000Sept. 1. The high mobility group I/Y protein is hypophosphorylated in endoreduplicating maize endosperm cells and is involved in alleviating histone H1 mediated transcriptional repression. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(35):27494-27499.


Zhao, J.Z., G.S. Ayers, E.J. Grafius, F.W. Stehr. 1992. Effects of neighboring nectar-producing plants on populations of pest Lepidoptera and their parasitoids in broccoli plantings. Great Lakes Entomology 25(4):253-258.


Zhou, L., K. Hayakawa. 1995. Heat transfer analysis of edged particles. Lebensm-Wiss-Technology 28(1):31-37.


Zhou, L., V.M. Puri, R.C. Anantheswaran. 1992Winter. Evaluation of food quality and safety during microwave heating using finite element model. Pap Am Soc Agric Eng (92-6560/92-6587) 18 p.


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This article is about the physicochemical properties and protein content of buffalo meat.


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Prospects for export of buffalo meat from India are discussed. The population of buffaloes, the number slaughtered and meat production for 1983 are tabulated for 14 Asian countries.


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This article is about the organoleptic traits of freezing and buffalo meat.


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Two studies report the effect of diets on (a) utilization of calcium and phosphorus and the total body growth of rats and (b) balance and growth studies on older children and infants receiving a milk substitute. KEYWORDS milk substitute (enriched meat substitute); balance study (average balance of nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus)


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Zimmerman, G.L. and H.E. Snyder. 1969. Meat pigment changes in intact beef samples. Journal Food Science 34:258.
Reflectance spectrophotometry was used to study pigment changes in beef round that had been oxygenated, packaged, and treated differently. KEYWORDS:reflectance measurements (Beckman Spectrophotometer); oxygen pressure (hyperbaric chamber; temperature; inhibitors (malonic acid, potassium ferricyanide); packaging (195-MSAD-80; Dupont; CryoVac L-200; Saron:Dow)


Zimmerman, G.L. and H.E. Snyder. 1969. Meat pigment changes in intact beef samples. Journal Food Science 34:258.
Reflectance spectrophotometry was used to study pigment changes in beef round that had been oxygenated, packaged, and treated differently. Experimental: reflectance measurements (Beckman Spectrophotometer); oxygen pressure (hyperbaric chamber; temperture; inhibitors (malonic acid, potassium ferricyanide); packaging (195-MSAD-80; Dupont; CryoVac L-200; Saron:Dow)


Zimmermann, R., M. Qaim. 2002. Projecting the benefits of golden rice in the Philippines. ZEF-Discussion-Papers-on-Development-Policy No.51, 44 pp. Zentrum fur Entwicklungsforschung, Universitat Bonn; Bonn; German
This paper analyses the potential impacts in a Philippine context. Since the technology is still at the stage of research and development (R&D), benefits are simulated within a scenario approach. The health effects are quantified using the methodology of disability-adjusted life years. Golden Rice will not completely eliminate the problems of vitamin A deficiency, such as blindness or increased mortality rates.


Zimmermann, W.J. 1984. Microwave recooking of pork roasts to attain 76.7C throughout. Journal Food Science 49:970.


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Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) grown under winter conditions in unheated polyethylene covered greenhouse displays unmarketable red color fruit skin. The purpose of this work was to study the effect of potassium (K), phosphate and total salinity levels in the irrigation solution on the quality of eggplant fruit grown at winter and spring seasons.


Zipple, Hermina. 1944. Nutrition and the War:Feeding the army and navy at the University of Kansas. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 20(3):164-166.


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Abstract Annual Meetings. Shows endothermic peaks.


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Olive, grape, date, and fig emerge as important Bronze Age additions to grain agriculture in the Near East.


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A two-factor central composite rotatable design and corresponding response surface analysis were successfully applied to data from pork and lamb loin roasts, using cooking temperature and endpoint temperature as the two independent variables.


Zondagh, I.B., Z.A. Holmes, K.E. Rowe, D.E. Schrumpf. 1986. The use of a central composite rotatable design with response surface analysis to predict turkey breast and thigh meat quality characteristics. Poultry Science 65:520-529.


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We have investigated Ca2+ activity during pollen germination and the possibility that it may be responding to a phosphoinositide signal transduction pathway, by employing inhibitors of Ca2+ channels (verapamil and TMB-8), EGTA as a Ca2+ scavenger and the inositol 1-phosphatase inhibitor lithium chloride.


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Zhang, Y. 1999. Daidzein and genistein glucuronides in vitro are weakly estrogenic and activate human natural killer cells at nutritionally relevant concentrations. Journal of Nutrition 129(2):399-405.


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Updated: Wednesday, May 23, 2012.